Before answering this, let us add here another one of the critical elements set forth that has to exist in order to come to the truth regarding Yahshua’s death and resurrection:
First, we know that this “chief sabbath” referred to in Mark 16:9 was one of the regular seventh-day sabbaths. So is this term used anywhere else in the Scriptures? Yes indeed. In order to gain further much needed insight and very revealing and confirming revelation, let us read Luke 6:1-2. We will be translating here from the original Greek text in the King James Version.
Now it happened on the second chief Sabbath that He went through the grain fields. And His disciples plucked the heads of grain and ate them, rubbing them in their hands. And some of the Pharisees said to them, “Why are you doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath?”
First, the word “sabbath” is once again singular – “sabbatw.” The Greek word used here for “second chief” is the word “deuteroprotos.” Do you recognize the same word that is used in Mark 16:9? As we have noted, the word for “chief” is “protos.” This is the identical word used in Luke 6:1 in “deuteroprotos,” or “deutero” – second, “protos” – chief.
This word is not in the Greek text used in the NAS, but its message here is nonetheless very revealing, affording us insight into what is meant in Mark 16:9.
You will notice in this account that Yahshua’s disciples were plucking the heads of grain, rubbing them in their hands, and eating the grain. Obviously, the grain being eaten was barley. Have you ever tried to eat grains of wheat? Wheat is very hard and takes forever to grind in your teeth so as to be able to swallow it. On the other hand, barley is softer and can be eaten much more readily. Therefore, the grain they were eating was undoubtedly barley. What does this tell us? It tells us that this was the period of Unleavened Bread, which was the barley harvest, the seven days which would follow Yahshua’s crucifixion on Passover. But there is more evidence to this as well.
Considering that this is during Unleavened Bread, what then was meant by “the second chief sabbath” within that feast? There were three potential sabbaths during Unleavened Bread. In Leviticus 23:6-8 we read:
“Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to Yahweh; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to Yahweh. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.”
Therefore, their first sabbath in this period would have been the first day of Unleavened Bread. The last sabbath would have been the seventh day. But, generally falling within this in-between period would have been a seventh-day sabbath as well. Also, as we saw in Mark 16:9, this seventh-day sabbath during this feast is called a chief sabbath. In Luke 6:1, we find that Yahshua’s disciples were eating barley on the second chief sabbath, which in the order of these Unleavened Bread sabbaths would have been the very sabbath upon which Yahshua would later resurrect! The second chief sabbath was thus the second of these three sabbaths at Unleavened Bread.
So we see that the day of Yahshua’s resurrection, and the day they were eating the barley, were both on second chief sabbaths! This fact is very confirming as to what was meant by the chief sabbath in Mark 16:9. But even moreso, we have to now ask the question: What does this mean prophetically?
There is no doubt that what is recorded in second Remnant Luke 6:1-16 is regarding Passover and the unleavened Remnant barley work. Furthermore, it is clearly prophetic of what will take place in the seventh-day Millennial sabbath when Yahshua returns and labors on the sabbath. While we are here examining Luke 6, let us consider this prophetic testimony. We will seek to be brief.
In verses 1-5, we read that when the Pharisees questioned Yahshua as to the lawfulness of what they were doing, He replied:
“Have you not even read what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him, how he entered the house of God, and took and ate the consecrated bread which is not lawful for any to eat except the priests alone, and gave it to his companions?” And He was saying to them, “The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.”
What does this speak of? Today, when we have indeed now entered into the seventh-day Millennial sabbath, we have left Saul Christianity and are obtaining and feeding on the consecrated bread of truth that, up to now, has been unlawful to eat. This is the same thing Paul spoke of when he was taken up to the third heaven, the third part of the church, which is the kingdom of heaven, the Millennial reign, and stated concerning what he heard – they were “inexpressible words, which it is not lawful for a man to speak” (2 Corinthians 12:4). (Read The Third Heaven.) The things Paul saw there were unlawful to speak in the 2,000 years of Christianity; and only now, in the Millennial reign, is it lawful to speak these words.
In like testimony, after the sons of Israel were led through “the great and terrible wilderness, with its fiery serpents and scorpions and thirsty ground where there was no water” (Deuteronomy 8:15), the wilderness of the forty Jubilee waiting periods of Christianity, they then entered into the promised land and ate the produce of the land.
On the day after the Passover, on that very day, they ate some of the produce of the land, unleavened cakes and parched grain. The manna ceased on the day after they had eaten some of the produce of the land, so that the sons of Israel no longer had manna, but they ate some of the yield of the land of Canaan during that year [Joshua 5:11-12].
The day after Passover was their First Fruits (more on this later), and the promised land speaks of leaving the 2,000 year wilderness period of Christianity and entering into the Millennial reign and eating Yahweh’s truth. “Manna” means “what is it?,” and Christians have not known the truth of the kingdom. Only now, having entered into the promised Millennial rest, are we able to eat the truth that had only been briefly tasted by the first Remnant when they failed to enter into the promised land at their Tabernacles. Having entered in, we are now eating His otherwise unavailable truth – “the produce of the land.” Only now are we experiencing the promise of First Fruits.
And briefly, but very importantly, this is the Millennial truth spoken of by Yahshua in John 14:16-17, when He stated (in a more literal translation):
I will ask the Father, and He will give you another helper that will be with you in the [Millennial] age – the spirit of truth, which the world cannot receive because it does not see it or know it [being unlawful]; but you know it because he abides with you and will be among you.
Unlawful words that are a part of the third heaven, the Millennial reign; unlawful consecrated bread eaten after departing from the house of Saul; the unlawful eating of barley on the second chief sabbath; and the unavailable “produce of the land” eaten as first fruits in the promised land; all speak of the same thing – the word of truth that is given by the spirit of truth in the Millennial reign! This is the Millennium where the Son of Man is Lord of the sabbath, the Millennial sabbath rest.
In Luke 6:6-11, yet another like testimony was given regarding the Millennial sabbath. This time the issue was whether it was lawful to do good on the sabbath. A man had a withered right hand, and when Yahshua asked him to stretch it out, it was healed. Here again we see a testimony of the Millennium, whereby the works of our hand, even our right hand, will be made possible. Those works have not been possible for 2,000 years. But in the Millennium, the works of man will be restored.
Then in verses 12-16 we next find Yahshua going up on a mountain and praying all night. When day came, He called His disciples to Him and chose the twelve. In like manner, the church has been in darkness for 2,000 years, and Yahshua has prayed for the entire period while upon the mountain, in heaven. At Passover, 2004, we entered into the Millennial reign. Then a year-and-a-half later, on the first-ever feast held on the newly-revealed Millennial Calendar, Trumpets, on October 16, 2005, the latter twelve apostles were called together and chosen for His purposes.
Thus we see not only the meaning of the second chief sabbath, but associated with it by virtue of it being the day of Yahshua’s resurrection, also the prophetic testimony of that which takes place in the Millennial reign.
Continue to page 7 of The New Millennial Calendar for DAVID AND JONATHAN